The idea of racial assumption in Canada’s immigration has greatly changed in the course after World War 2. Before the early 1960’s Canada’s immigration policies showed a lot of discrimination towards specific immigrants. Though now, Canada is more tolerant towards cultural diversity. I will summarize the major changes in Canada’s Immigration Policies from 1947- 1976.
Prime Minister Mackenzie King passed the first policy after WWII. This law meant that any immigrants coming into Canada would have abandon their cultural backgrounds, and become part of the English/French speaking country. Canada also had preferred ethnic groups in their mind which where those who looked “white”. These included British, American, and northwestern European individuals. Chinese Canadians and East Indians were allowed to sponsor relatives (Only if they were economically stable) but were still discouraged from entering Canada.
Link to Mackenzie King’s statement on Immigration click here
The Immigration Act of 1952 enabled the Governor in Council to prohibit, or admit, immigrants on the basis of nationality, including ethnic background and geographical area of origin; peculiar customs including habits, modes of life, or unusual means of holding property; climatic, educational, economic or industrial suitability; and the probable likelihood of becoming rapidly assimilated in Canadian society. Basically, this meant that the Governor in Council could reject any potential immigrant from coming to Canada because of their race and culture.
The new Immigration Act was passed. This new law promised a new view of immigration. The law did not only serve Canadian needs but also the concerns of the immigrants. It eased the distresses of refugees, the displaced, the persecuted and also supported family reunification. The immigration authorities even introduced a quota system which announced a yearly target for the number of immigrants of various categories whom we hoped to admit the following year. This new act has even opened up 2 new classes of controversial refugees and entrepreneurial immigrant classes.
. “An act respecting immigration.” Early Canadiana Online. Web. 28 Apr 2012. aaaaaaaaa<http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/ItemRecord/9_08041>.
. “Encouragement Of Immigration To Canada Statement Of Government Policy By Prime aaaaaaaaaMinister.” McMaster University Learning Centre Labour Studies Progamme. Labour aaaaaaaaaStudies Programme, n.d. Web. 28 Apr 2012. aaaaaaaaa<http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/maclabour/article.php?id=841>.
. “Immigration Act, 1976-77, c. 52, s. 1 .” Refworld The Leader in Refugee Decision Support . aaaaaaaaaN.p., 28/04/2012. Web. 28 Apr 2012.